January 1942

Sun Mon Tue Wed Thu Fri Sat
1 2 3
4 5 6 7 8 9 10
11 12 13 14 15 16 17
18 19 20 21 22 23 24
25 26 27 28 29 30 31

  Axis Jan-42 United Nations
Vichy France Romania Italy Germany Japan Total Class Total USAGreat Britain Free France Soviet UnionCanada AustraliaNew Zealand Poland
3 0 4 2 11 17 Battleship 18 6 10 1 1 0 0 0 0
0 0 0 0 6 6 Fleet Carrier 9 6 3 0 0 0 0 0 0
0 0 0 0 2 2 Light Carrier 1 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0
4 0 3 2 18 23 Heavy Cruiser 35 19 10 0 4 0 2 0 0
9 0 9 3 17 29 Light Cruiser 64 15 35 0 2 0 3 2 0
51 7 70 45 108 230 Destroyer 446 178 157 14 50 14 8 0 4
58 1 78 188 60 327 Submarine 395 112 60 6 191 0 0 0 3
1 0 0 0 2 2 Escort Carrier 4 2 2 0 0 0 0 0 0
10 3 25 9 19 56 Escorts 295 0 194 13 15 65 3 0 2
3 0 0 5 0 5 Other 40 0 30 0 0 4 3 1 0

 

United Nations Neutral
ClassNetherlands NorwayGreece Yugoslavia Argentina Brazil ChileColumbiaPeru DenmarkSweden Portugal SpainTurkey Thailand
Battleship 0 0 0 0 2 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0
Fleet Carrier 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Light Carrier 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heavy Cruiser 0 0 0 0 2 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0
Light Cruiser 5 2 0 0 1 2 0 0 0 0 1 0 5 0 0
Destroyer 8 4 9 0 15 7 8 2 2 0 15 5 16 6 8
Submarine 16 1 5 1 3 4 9 0 4 8 21 3 4 8 4
Escort Carrier 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0
Escorts 0 3 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 2 0 0 0 0
Other 0 1 1 0 6 0 3 0 0 2 7 0 0 2 2

 

Thursday 1st January 1942
Daily Report
Politics

Twenty-six Allied countries signed the Declaration by United Nations during the Arcadia Conference, Washington DC, USA

 
Other

Football International: Portugal 3-0 Switzerland, Estádio José Manuel Soares, Lisbon

 
Friday 2nd January 1942
Daily Report
Military

Manila is captured by Japanese forces. They also take Cavite naval base, and the American and Filipino troops continue the retreat into Bataan.

 
Saturday 3rd January 1942
Daily Report
Sunday 4th January 1942
Daily Report
Naval

 

 
Country Vessel Type Report description
Japan Myoko Heavy Cruiser Damaged Damaged by a bomb from American Boeing B-17D Flying Fortress aircraft at anchor Malalag Bay, Java. The ship was hit by one bomb on 04/01/1942  
Soviet Union Krasnyi Kavkaz Heavy Cruiser Damaged Damaged by bombs from German aircraft 04/01/1942.  
 
Monday 5th January 1942
Daily Report
Naval

 

 
Country Vessel Type Report description
Italy Ammiraglio Saint-Bon Submarine Lost Torpedoed by British submarines Upholder, off Sicily, in the Mediterranean Sea 05/01/1942  
   
Military

The beginning of a major Red Army offensive around Moscow under General Zhukov.

Allied Bomber Offensive: Major nighttime British air raid, 150+ aircraft attack on Brest, France. Main target German warships Scharnhorst & Gneisenau

 
Tuesday 6th January 1942
Daily Report
Politics

In his State of the Union speech, President Roosevelt promises more aid to Britain, including planes and troops.

 
Military

The British advance continues to El Agheila, on the western edge of Libya.

 
Wednesday 7th January 1942
Daily Report
Military

The Soviet Winter counter-offensive comes to a halt, after having pushed the exhausted and freezing German Army back 62–155 mi from Moscow. 'Operation Barbarossa' had failed.

The Siege of the Bataan Peninsula begins.

Heavy air attacks on Malta; it is estimated that the bomb tonnage dropped on the island is twice that dropped on London.

 
Thursday 8th January 1942
Daily Report
Military

Japanese troops penetrated the outer lines of defence at Kuala Lumpur, Malaya.

Allied Bomber Offensive: Major nighttime British air raid, 150+ aircraft attack on Brest, France. Main target German warships Scharnhorst & Gneisenau

 
Friday 9th January 1942
Daily Report
Naval

 

 
Country Vessel Type Report description
Great Britain Vimiera Destroyer Lost Mined in the Thames estuary off East Spile Buoy 51.28N 00.55E 09/01/1942  
Great Britain Triumph Submarine Lost Mined off Milo Island, in the Gulf of Athens 09/01/1942  
 
Military

Japanese advances in Borneo met with little opposition.

 
Other

World Heavyweight Boxing Title Joe Louis (USA) beat Buddy Baer (USA) Ko 1, Madison Square Garden, New York City.

Saturday 10th January 1942
Daily Report
Naval

 

 
Country Vessel Type Report description
USA Wichita Heavy Cruiser Damaged Damaged during a storm at anchor at Hvalfjordour, Iceland. She was in collision with the American merchant ship West Nohno, a British trawler & then ran aground. She suffered hull damage & damage to her stem on 10/01/1942  
Soviet Union M 175 Submarine Lost Torpedoed by German submarine U-584 in Arctic Sea north of Rybachiy peninsula 70.09N 32.50E 10/01/1942  
 
Politics

Japan declares war on the Netherlands.

 
Military

Allied Bomber Offensive: Major nighttime British air raid, 120+ aircraft attack on Wilhelmshaven

 
Other

South America Championship: Uruguay 6-1 Chile, Estadio Centenario, Montevideo

 
Sunday 11th January 1942
Daily Report
Naval

 

 
Country Vessel Type Report description
USA Saratoga Fleet Carrier Damaged Damaged by a torpedo from Japanese submarine I-16, E of the Solomon Islands. Her propulsion was damaged & she had to be towed into the wind by American warship Minneapolis so she could launch aircraft off to Henderson Field, Guadalcanal, 6 dead 10.34S 164.18E 11/01/1942
USA Badger Destroyer Damaged Damaged in a gale in the North Atlantic, whilst on convoy duty. Her mast was brought down & her whaleboat was smashed 11/01/1942. Withdrawn for repair after taking 2 days of gale-force winds 13/01/1942. Arrived at St. John's, Newfoundland 19/01/1942. Arrived for repair Boston, MA 26/01/1942  
 
Military

Japanese troops capture Kuala Lumpur, Malaya.

Japan invades the Dutch East Indies.

 
Other

South America Championship: Argentina 4-3 Paraguay, Estadio Centenario, Montevideo

 
Monday 12th January 1942
Daily Report
Naval

 

 
Country Vessel Type Report description
Great Britain Kimberley Destroyer Damaged Damaged by a torpedo from German submarine U-77, off Bardia, Libya, in the Mediterranean Sea, the stern of the ship was badly damaged, towed to Alexandria by British warship Heythrop 12/01/1942  
Germany U-374 Submarine Lost Torpedoed by British submarine Unbeaten, E of Cape Spartivento, in the Mediterranean Sea, 42 dead 1 survivor captured, 37.50N 16.00E 12/01/1942  
Great Britain Archer Escort Carrier Damaged Damaged in collision with America merchant ship Brazos, off the American coast, sustained damage to her bows 12/01/1942  
 
Tuesday 13th January 1942
Daily Report
Naval

Operation Paukenschlag ("Operation Drumbeat"). The German U-boat offensive comes closer to the US shores starting the Second Happy Time. Admiral Ernest J. King, commander-in-chief of the U.S. fleet, refused British offers to provide the US navy with their ships, the belated institution of a convoy system was at least in substantial part due to a severe shortage of suitable escort vessels, without which convoys were seen as actually more vulnerable than lone ships.

 
Country Vessel Type Report description
           
 
Military

The Red Army takes Kirov and Medya, as its counter-offensive continues.

 
Wednesday 14th January 1942
Daily Report
 
Other

South America Championship: Brazil 6-1 Chile, Estadio Centenario, Montevideo

 
Thursday 15th January 1942
Daily Report
Naval

 

 
Country Vessel Type Report description
Great Britain Hesperus Destroyer Damaged Damaged after ramming German submarine U-93, N of Madeira, in the North Atlantic, 36.10N 15.52W 15/01/1942  
USA Gridley Destroyer Damaged Damaged in collision with American warship Fanning, in the Pacific Ocean, damaging her bow 15/01/1942  
USA Fanning Destroyer Damaged Damaged in collision with American warship Grinley, in the Pacific Ocean, damaging her bow 15/01/1942. Emergency repair at Pago Pago  
Germany U-93 Submarine Lost Damaged by depth charges from British warship Hesperus, N of Madeira, in the North Atlantic, the boat was forced to the surface, followed by gunfire & ramming, 6 dead, 40 survivors captured 36.10N 15.52W 15/01/1942  
Germany U-577 Submarine Lost Depth charged by British Swordfish aircraft, NE of Tobruk, in the Mediterranean Sea, 43 dead, 0 survivors 32.40N 25.48E 15/01/1942  
 
Other

German authorities begin to deport Jews from the Lodz ghettos to the Chelmno Concentration Camp.

 
Friday 16th January 1942
Daily Report
 
Saturday 17th January 1942
Daily Report
Naval

 

 
Country Vessel Type Report description
Great Britain Isis Destroyer Damaged Damaged by bombs from Japanese aircraft whilst under repair at Singapore 17/01/1942. Towed to Batavia to avoid capture by Japanese 07/02/1942. Towed to Bombay to avoid capture by Japanese 03/04/1942. Arrived for repair Bombay 03/04/1942  
Great Britain Gurkha Destroyer Lost Damaged by a torpedo from German submarine U-133 N of Bardia, in the Mediterranean Sea, the ship sank in 90 minutes 31.50N 29.14E 17/01/1942  
Great Britain Matabele Destroyer Lost Torpedoed by German submarine U-545, in the Barents Sea, the ship exploded almost immediately after the torpedo hit, many of the crew died in the freezing water before they could be rescued, 238 dead, 2 survivors 69.21N 35.24E 17/01/1942  
Japan I-60 Submarine Lost Sunk by gunfire & depth charges from British warship Jupiter, 25 miles NNW of Krakatoa Island, in the Java Sea 17/01/1942  
 
Other

Wartime Football International: England 3-0 Scotland, Wembley Stadium, London

South America Championship: Argentina 2-1 Brazil, Estadio Centenario, Montevideo

 
Sunday 18th January 1942
Daily Report
 
Other

South America Championship: Paraguay 1-1 Peru, Estadio Centenario, Montevideo

South America Championship: Uruguay 7-0 Ecuador, Estadio Centenario, Montevideo

 
Monday 19th January 1942
Daily Report
 
Politics

American President Roosevelt formally authorizes the atomic bomb project.

 
Military

Japanese forces take large numbers of British troops prisoner, north of Singapore.

 
Tuesday 20th January 1942
Daily Report
Naval

 

 
Country Vessel Type Report description
Japan Inazuma Destroyer Damaged Damaged in collision with Japanese storeship Sendai Maru, Davao, Philippines 20/01/1942  
USA S 36 Submarine Lost Aground on the Taka Bakang Reef, in the Makassar Strait, flooding caused chlorine gas to escape, forcing the crew to abandon the boat, 0 dead 20/01/1942. Scuttled 21/01/1942  
 
Military

Japanese bomb Singapore as their troops approaches the city.

 
Other

The Wannsee Conference in Berlin, chaired by Reich Security Main Office SS Obergruppenfuhrer Reinhard Heydrich, takes place. This was to ensure the co-operation of administrative leaders of various government departments in the implementation of the Final Solution to the Jewish question, whereby most of the Jews of German-occupied Europe would be deported to occupied Poland and murdered.

Football International: Croatia 0-2 Germany, Stadion Concordije, Zagreb

Wednesday 21st January 1942
Daily Report
Naval

 

 
Country Vessel Type Report description
USA Boise Light Cruiser Damaged Damaged running aground uncharted shoal Sape Strait, Dutch East Indies 21/01/1942  
Japan I-124 Submarine Lost Depth charged by Australian warships Lithgow & Katoomba, off Dutch East Indies, 80 dead 21/01/1942  
 
Military

The German Afrika Korps, under command of General Erwin Rommel, begins a surprise counter-offensive at El Agheila; German & Italian troops, with new reinforcements and tanks, capture Agedabia, then push British forces north to Beda Fomm.

At the Vilna Ghetto the Fareynikte Partizaner Organizatsye a Jewish partisan organisation is established, including Aba Kovner.

 
Other

South America Championship: Brazil 2-1 Peru, Estadio Centenario, Montevideo

 
Thursday 22nd January 1942
Daily Report
Naval

 

 
Country Vessel Type Report description
Soviet Union Molotov Heavy Cruiser Damaged Damaged in a storm when the ship was thrown against the jetty at Tuapse on 22/01/1942  
 
Other

South America Championship: Argentina 12-0 Ecuador, Estadio Centenario, Montevideo

South America Championship: Paraguay 2-0 Chile, Estadio Centenario, Montevideo

 
Friday 23rd January 1942
Daily Report
 
Military

The Battle of Rabaul, the Japanese invasion of New Britain, New Guinea begins.

 
Saturday 24th January 1942
Daily Report
Naval

 

 
Country Vessel Type Report description
USA S 26 Submarine Lost Collision with PC 460 during a night patrol in the Gulf of Panama, 300 ft down, 2 survivors 46 dead 24/01/1942  
 
Military

American troops land in Samoa, as part of a strategy to stop the Japanese advance in the Pacific.

 
Other

South America Championship: Uruguay 1-0 Brazil, Estadio Centenario, Montevideo

 
Sunday 25th January 1942
Daily Report
Naval

 

 
Country Vessel Type Report description
Germany Z 08 Bruno Heinemann Destroyer Lost Mined off Cap Gris Nez E of Ostend in the English Channel by a mine laid by British warship Plover 51.16N 02.15E 25/01/1942  
 
Politics

Thailand declares war on the United States and the United Kingdom.

 
Military

Japanese troops invade the Solomon Islands.

 
Other

South America Championship: Argentina 3-1 Peru, Estadio Centenario, Montevideo

South America Championship: Paraguay 3-1 Ecuador, Estadio Centenario, Montevideo

 
Monday 26th January 1942
Daily Report
 
Military

The first American forces arrive in Europe landing in Northern Ireland.

 
Tuesday 27th January 1942
Daily Report
Naval

 

 
Country Vessel Type Report description
Great Britain Sherwood Destroyer Damaged Damaged by heavy storm weather, whilst on convoy duty in the North Atlantic. Serious structural damage caused 27/01/1942  
Great Britain Thanet Destroyer Lost Sunk by gunfire from Japanese warships Amagiri, Hatsuyuki & Shirayuki, off Endau, Malaya hit in engine room disabled ship, she continued to fight against heavy odds until sinking with heavy loss of life 02.40.N 103.42E 27/01/1942  
Japan I-73 Submarine Lost Torpedoed by American submarine Gudgeon, 240 miles W of Midway Island, in the Pacific Ocean, 28.24N 178.35E 27/01/1942  
 
Military

The British withdraw all troops back into Singapore.

 
Wednesday 28th January 1942
Daily Report
 
Politics

Brazil breaks off relations with the Axis powers.

 
Other

South America Championship: Peru 2-1 Ecuador, Estadio Centenario, Montevideo

South America Championship: Uruguay 3-1 Paraguay, Estadio Centenario, Montevideo

 
Thursday 29th January 1942
Daily Report
Naval

 

 
Country Vessel Type Report description
Germany U-132 Submarine Damaged Damaged by depth charges from American warship Stack, NW of Reykjavik, Iceland, boats diesel compressor damaged 29/01/1942  
 
Military The German Afrika Korps recaptures Benghazi, Libya in his drive east. For the next few months, the two sides will rest and rearm.  
Friday 30th January 1942
Daily Report
Naval

 

 
Country Vessel Type Report description
Italy Medusa Submarine Lost Torpedoed by British submarine Thorn, in the Adriatic Sea 30/01/1942  
 
Politics

Adolf Hitler speaks at the Berlin Sportpalast and threatens the Jews of the world with annihilation; he also blames the failure of the offensive in the Soviet Union on the weather.

Saturday 31st January 1942
Daily Report
Naval

 

 
Country Vessel Type Report description
Great Britain Belmont Destroyer Lost Torpedoed by German submarine U-82, off Halifax, Nova Scotia, in the North Atlantic, 138 dead, 0 survivors 42.02N 57.18W 31/01/1942  
Germany U-105 Submarine Damaged Damaged by depth charge attack from British warships escorting Convoy SL 98 WSW of Ireland, in the North Atlantic 31/01/1942  
Great Britain Culver Sloop Lost Torpedoed in North Atlantic by German submarine U-105, SW of Ireland, in the North Atlantic, hit by 2 torpedoes the ship's magazine exploded, 125 dead, 12 survivors 48.43N 20.14W 31/01/1942  
 
Politics

Ecuadorian-Peruvian War ends in victory for Peru

 
Military

The Japanese take the port of Moulamein, Burma; they now threaten Rangoon

The last organised Allied forces leave Malaya, ending the 54-day battle.

 
Other

South America Championship: Argentina 0-0 Chile, Estadio Centenario, Montevideo