August 1940

Sun Mon Tue Wed Thu Fri Sat
1 2 3
4 5 6 7 8 9 10
11 12 13 14 15 16 17
18 19 20 21 22 23 24
25 26 27 28 29 30 31

Axis Aug-40 Allied Neutral
Vichy France Denmark Italy Germany Total Class Total Great Britain Free France Canada Australia New Zealand Poland Netherlands Norway USA Japan
2 0 4 0 4 Battleship 15 13 2 0 0 0 0 0 0 15 10
0 0 0 0 0 Fleet Carrier 3 3 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 5 4
0 0 0 0 0 Light Carrier 2 2 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2
4 0 7 2 9 Heavy Cruiser 17 11 4 0 2 0 0 0 0 19 17
9 0 13 2 15 Light Cruiser 60 39 9 0 4 2 0 4 2 19 19
53 0 88 33 121 Destroyer 228 143 61 6 5 0 4 7 2 213 102
64 8 100 38 138 Submarine 142 52 68 0 0 0 1 21 0 71 51
1 0 0 0 0 Escort Carrier 2 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0
14 0 34 9 43 Escorts 100 73 23 0 4 0 0 0 0 0 15
3 2 0 8 8 Other 59 49 3 2 3 1 0 0 1 0 0

 

Neutral
Class Soviet UnionArgentina BrazilChileColumbia Peru SwedenPortugal Spain Yugoslavia GreeceTurkey RomaniaThailand
Battleship 3 2 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0
Fleet Carrier 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Light Carrier 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heavy Cruiser 3 4 0 3 0 0 1 0 1 1 1 2 0 0
Light Cruiser 3 1 2 0 0 0 0 0 5 0 1 0 0 0
Destroyer 50 16 7 8 2 2 17 5 16 9 19 4 7 10
Submarine 194 3 4 9 0 4 16 3 4 4 6 8 1 4
Escort Carrier 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Escorts 18 1 0 0 0 0 2 0 0 0 0 0 3 0
Other 0 4 0 0 0 0 7 0 0 0 2 0 0 4

 

Thursday 01 August 1940
Daily Report
Naval

Italian Navy establish a submarine base at Bordeaux in occupied France

Country Vessel Type Report description
Great Britain Oswald Submarine Lost Rammed by Italian warship Ugolino Vivaldi 10 miles SW of Cape Spartivento, in the Ionian Sea, boat scuttled by crew, 3 dead, 52 survivors 37.46N 16.16E 01/08/1940  
Great Britain Spearfish Submarine Lost Torpedoed by German submarine U-34, W of Stavanger, in the North Sea, the boat had been spotted on the surface & torpedoed 1 survivor 01/08/1940  
Germany U-25 Submarine Lost Mined in British minefield in the North Sea N of Terschelling, 49 dead, 0 survivors 54.14N 05.07E 01/08/1940  
 
Politics

Operation Sea Lion: Adolf Hitler sets invasion date for the United Kingdom as the 15th September 1940

 
Friday 02 August 1940
Daily Report
Politics

General Charles De Gaulle sentenced to death in absentia by Vichy French military court

The Soviet Union formally annexes Bessarabia and Northern Bukovina

 
Saturday 03 August 1940
Daily Report
Politics

The Soviet Union formally annexes Lithuania

Military

East Africa Front: Italian forces invade British Somaliland

 
Sunday 04 August 1940
Daily Report
Monday 05 August 1940
Daily Report
Politics The Soviet Union formally annexes Latvia
Tuesday 06 August 1940
Daily Report
Politics

The Soviet Union formally annexes Estonia

 
Wednesday 07 August 1940
Daily Report
Thursday 08 August 1940
Daily Report
Friday 09 August 1940
Daily Report
Other

German Bantamweight Boxing Title Hermann Remscheid (Germany) beat Hubert Offermanns (Germany) Ko 8, Bockbrauerei, Berlin.

 
Saturday 10 August 1940
Daily Report
Country Vessel Type Report description
Great Britain Transylvania Armed Merchant Cruiser Lost Damaged by a torpedo from the German submarine U-56, off Malin Head, N of Ireland, the ship sank whilst being towed to the coast, 48 dead, 55.50N 08.03W 10/08/1940
 
Sunday 11 August 1940
Daily Report
Military

East Africa Front: Battle of Tug Argan between British and Italian forces in British Somaliland

 
Monday 12 August 1940
Daily Report
Tuesday 13 August 1940
Daily Report
Military

Battle of Britain: The beginning of the battle with German attacks on the RAF in southern England

 
Wednesday 14 August 1940
Daily Report
Politics

Tizard Mission: British scientist Sir Henry Tizard leaves for the USA with secret British technologies. In the hope, they could harness American industrial resources

 
Thursday 15 August 1940
Daily Report
Country Vessel Type Report description
Germany U-51 Submarine Damaged Damaged by depth charge attack from British RAF Sunderland aircraft 210 Squadron SW of Rockall 15/08/1940
Greece Elli Light Cruiser Lost Torpedoed by Italian submarine Delfino, off Tenos Island, Crete, the ship hit in boiler room & she caught fire, 9 dead, 24 injured 15/08/1940. This was an unprovoked peacetime attack by an unknown submarine at the time. Fragments of the torpedo were recovered & found to be Italian in origin
 
Military

East Africa Front: End of the Battle of Tug Argan with victory for Italians over British forces in British Somaliland

 
Other

Football International: Argentina 5-0 Uruguay, Estadio Gasómetro, Buenos Aries

Adolf Eichmann, head of the Reich Main Security Office (RSHA Sub-Department IV-B4) of the SS (Schutzstaffel), released a memorandum titled Reichssicherheitshauptamt: Madagaskar Projekt (Reich Main Security Office: Madagascar Project), calling for the resettlement of a million Jews per year for four years to the island of Madagascar. Abandoning the idea of retaining any Jews in Europe

 
Friday 16 August 1940
Daily Report
Other

German Middleweight Boxing Title Jupp Besselmann (Germany) drew with Gustav Eder (Germany) Pts 12, Bockbrauerei, Berlin.

 
Saturday 17 August 1940
Daily Report
Naval

Germans declare blockade of the British Isles

 
 
Sunday 18 August 1940
Daily Report
Monday 19 August 1940
Daily Report
Military

East Africa Front: Italian forces take Berbera the capital of British Somaliland

 
Tuesday 20 August 1940
Daily Report
Naval

Italy declares a blockade of the British ports in the Mediterranean Sea

 
Country Vessel Type Report description
Germany U-51 Submarine Lost Torpedoed by British submarine Cachalot, in the Bay of Biscay W of Nantes, France whilst on the surface heading for the port, 43 dead, 0 survivors, 47.06N 04.51W 20/08/1940
 
Politics

British PM Winston Churchill delivers his "Never was so much owed by so many to so few", speech in the House of Commons

Wednesday 21 August 1940
Daily Report
Thursday 22 August 1940
Daily Report
Naval

Germans start shelling Dover and nearby areas with long-range artillery

 
Country Vessel Type Report description
Italy Iride Submarine Lost Torpedoed by Swordfish aircraft from British warship Eagle near Tobruk 22/08/1940  
 
Friday 23 August 1940
Daily Report
Country Vessel Type Report description
Great Britain Hostile Destroyer Lost Damaged by Italian mine 18 miles SE of Cape Bon, Tunisia, extensive damage to engine room & broke back of the ship, the crew abandoned ship & she was scuttled by torpedoes from British warship Hero, 5 dead, 3 injured, 36.53N 11.19E 23/08/1940  
 
Saturday 24 August 1940
Daily Report
Country Vessel Type Report description
Great Britain Penzance Sloop Lost Torpedoed by German submarine U-37, SW of Iceland, in the North Atlantic, 90 dead, 7 survivors 56.16N 27.19W 24/08/1940  
 
Military

Battle of Britain: German aircraft mistakenly bombs the church at Cripplegate, London and so reshaping the future of the Battle of Britain

 
Sunday 25 August 1940
Daily Report
Politics

Battle of Britain: British cabinet orders retaliation bombing of Berlin and other German cities in retaliation for the German bombing of Cripplegate, London

 
Monday 26 August 1940
Daily Report
Tuesday 27 August 1940
Daily Report
Country Vessel Type Report description
Great Britain Dunvegan Castle Armed Merchant Cruiser Damaged Damaged by a torpedo from German submarine U-46, 120 miles NW of Ireland, in the North Atlantic, 27 dead, 55.05N 11.00W 27/08/1940  
 
Wednesday 28 August 1940
Daily Report
Country Vessel Type Report description
Great Britain Walpole Destroyer Damaged Damaged by German Stuka Ju-87 dive bomber aircraft at Dover, during anti-invasion patrol. Her turbines were damaged 28/08/1940
Great Britain Dunvegan Castle Armed Merchant Cruiser Lost Damaged by a torpedo from German submarine U-46, 120 miles NW of Ireland, in the North Atlantic, 27 dead, 55.05N 11.00W 27/08/1940. Ship sank 28/08/1940
 
Thursday 29 August 1940
Daily Report
Other

Football International: Finland 2-3 Sweden, Olympic Stadium, Helsinki

 
Friday 30 August 1940
Daily Report
Country Vessel Type Report description
Great Britain Zulu Destroyer Damaged Damaged by German acoustic mine, in the North Sea, mine caused serious structural damage 30/08/1940  
 
Politics

The Second Vienna Diktat: Germany and Italy order Romania to hand over Northern Transylvania to Hungary

 
Saturday 31 August 1940
Daily Report
Country Vessel Type Report description
Great Britain Esk Destroyer Minelayer Lost The Texel Disaster: Damaged by a German mine off Terschelling whilst laying mines off the Dutch coast, she ran into a newly laid minefield. She came alongside damaged British warship Express, the ship hit a second mine that broke her back, she sank quickly 135 dead, 25 survivors captured, 53.23N 03.48E 31/08/1940  
Great Britain Express Destroyer Minelayer Damaged The Texel Disaster: Damaged by a German mine off Terschelling whilst laying mines off the Dutch coast. She ran into newly laid German minefield, the forward part of the ship was destroyed taken in tow by British warships Kelvin, then Jupiter & finally tugs, 57 dead, 9 survivors captured by Germans 31/08/1940
Great Britain Ivanhoe Destroyer Lost The Texel Disaster: Damaged by a German mine off Terschelling whilst laying mines off the Dutch coast, she ran into a newly laid German minefield. She came alongside damaged British warship Express, the crew managed to get steam up & move her, but further, an inspection found that her back was broken & she had to be abandoned 31/08/1940. Scuttled by gunfire by British warship Kelvin when she was found still afloat 53.26N 03.45E 01/09/1940  
Great Britain Prince of Wales Battleship Damaged Damaged during a Luftwaffe air raid on Merseyside, the ship was in Cammell Laird’s wet basin when a bomb exploded between the dock wall and the hull of the ship. The bomb punched a hole in her hull below her 15” armoured belt. Thousands of tons of water flooded into the incomplete battleship 31/08/1940. Divers patch up her hull, whilst the Birkenhead Fire Brigade took 40 hours to pump her out and get her on an even keel. She was then moved to dry dock for a permanent repair to her damaged hull, whilst the Admiralty prioritised getting her propulsion system ready for sea, as it was feared that the ship would remain vulnerable to further damage whilst on Merseyside. Completion would have to take place in Scotland at Rosyth